Federalist Papers (in the wild)
Prior to the ratification of the United States Constitution, many of the founders wrote a series of papers supporting the ratification of the Constitution. These papers came to be known as the Federalist papers. When they were written, they were published anonymously. Years later several of the authors claimed their work. However, many of these papers went unclaimed. In the seventies, two statisticians, Frederick Mosteller and David Wallace, tackled the problem of identifying the authors of the unclaimed papers. Here is a brief description of what they did on page 130 of the book “The Lady Tasting Tea: How Statistics Revolutionized Science in the Twentieth Century” by David Salsburg
Stats are everywhere.